Glossary term: 伽瑪射線暴

Description: 伽馬射線暴是伽馬射線波段的短時爆發。最早,監測地球祕密核武器試驗的衛星探測到了一些伽瑪射線暴發,然而,人們發現它們的起源在外層空間,實際上是在我們的銀河系之外。大多數伽馬射線暴被認為是超新星爆炸產生的,有些可能是雙星系統中兩顆中子星合併的結果。這些巨大的爆炸會產生兩股集中的物質噴射。高能量的伽馬射線也會沿著這些噴射流向外釋放。只有當其中一個噴流偶然指向地球時,我們才能看到伽馬射線暴。對伽馬射線暴的光學和 X 射線對應餘暉的觀測表明,這些爆起源於其他星系中,其中大部分距離地球非常遙遠。

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Term and definition status: The original definition of this term in English have been approved by a research astronomer and a teacher
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This is an automated transliteration of the simplified Chinese translation of this term

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